Exploring Indigenous law, smart textiles, cardiovascular disease and more

Posted on Thursday, July 13, 2017

Every year the University of Ottawa awards research chairs that aim to build on the outstanding work demonstrated by our researchers. At the same time, the Tri-Agencies (NSERC, SSHRC and CIHR) and the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) award Canada Research Chairs in engineering and the natural sciences, health sciences, humanities and social sciences.

Again this year, uOttawa is proud to have a new group of world-class research chairholders. Congratulations to all recipients!

Canada Research Chairs

Dr. Mireille Ouimet

 

Mireille Ouimet - Cardiovascular Metabolism and Cell Biology

Atherosclerosis, the process of fatty plaques thickening and narrowing the heart’s artery walls, is the major cause of cardiovascular disease, responsible for one in five deaths alone in Canada. Existing therapies can prevent atherosclerosis, but they are not universally effective and do not reverse atherosclerosis.

Dr. Ouimet, an exemplary young researcher at the University of Ottawa Heart Institute, discovered that an ancient cell pathway called autophagy degrades fat that accumulates in cells of atherosclerotic plaques (foam cells) — thus revealing a novel strategy to prevent and reverse atherosclerotic plaques.

“There is a need to understand how to reverse cholesterol accumulation in the artery wall, to develop new drugs to target these pathways and better treat heart disease. Autophagy represents a promising new pathway to target, to increase fat digestion in the artery wall and stimulate plaque regression."

Ghassan Jabbour

 

Ghassan Jabbour - Engineered Advanced Materials and Devices

Dr. Ghassan E. Jabbour is regarded as the father of reactive printing of materials and devices. He works with low-cost additive manufacturing, and printable electronics and photonics.

Jabbour said, “My (two-part) research into the low-cost fabrication of nanomaterials, as well as conductive and intelligent textiles, will capitalize on my innovations in reactive and passive 2D/3D printing, as well as nanothick flexible device fabrication research. It will enable the low-cost roll-to-roll fabrication of nanoparticles and quantum dots required for the development of numerous applications, including smart textiles, which hold great promise in both the public and private sectors.”

Xiaoyi Bao

 

Xiaoyi Bao - Fibre Optics and Photonics

As a leading researcher in fibre optic technology, Professor Bao aims to develop a low noise and low cost laser based on nanofibres to monitor the structural health of infrastructure such as railways and bridges.

These laser systems are designed to safeguard large civilian structures and prevent disasters by providing both real-time detection of acoustic waves that signal internal cracks and strain monitoring at critical locations to identify large stresses.

”Structured nanofibre-based lasers enable the subwavelength localization of light with reduced noise, and they could spur new breakthrough applications for the sensing, metrology, imaging and telecommunications sectors,“ said Bao.

University of Ottawa Research Chairs

tracey lindberg

 

Tracey Lindberg - Indigenous Laws and Legal Orders

Dr. Lindberg, a University of Ottawa Gold Medal winner and former Canada Research Chair, joins the University with experience and research engaging inherently governing Indigenous Nations, leadership, and communities.

A best-selling author, internationally Dr. Lindberg is regarded as one of the most widely read Indigenous legal scholars. Her best-selling novel, Birdie is being used in law schools, Indigenous studies, Women and Canadian Studies and English and Literature departments around the world.

“My hope in moving to Algonquin territory after working with the inherently governing leadership of the Lubicon Lake and Kelly Lake Cree Nations is that I can continue that work and begin to do some work with Anishinaabe and Haudenosaunee peoples that allows me to think comparatively and critically about Indigenous inherency, territoriality and lawful paradigms, said Lindberg. “Ultimately, the research belongs to the people and they will direct what becomes of it, but my aim is to begin to translate, enunciate and record Indigenous peoples’ laws in order for all of us to have a better understanding of Indigenous authorities and self-determining capacities.”

Peter Jaskiewicz

 

Peter Jaskiewicz - Enduring Entrepreneurship

A world-renowned expert and accomplished academic, Professor Jaskiewicz’s work is at the intersection of entrepreneurship, family business and family science. His research studies the drivers of and hurdles facing enduring entrepreneurship, to better understand why so many family firms lose their entrepreneurial spirit over time.

Widely published and cited in academic journals, as well as industry leading publications like the Wall Street Journal, Jaskiewicz aims to bring his interdisciplinary approach to uOttawa’s STEM leaders and translate his research into practitioner language, to empower business owners, business families, and entrepreneurs.

“Most people believe that entrepreneurship is a one-time sprint race. Nothing could be less true. Successful entrepreneurship is more of a never-ending marathon. It enables organizations to rejuvenate themselves and grow in a competitive and ever-changing marketplace over decades and generations,” said Jaskiewicz.

trevor hall

 

Trevor Hall - Photonic Circuits and Integration

Professor Trevor Hall is a world-class researcher whose work continues to have a major impact in the field of photonics. As the founding director of the Centre for Research in Photonics at the University of Ottawa (CRPuO), Hall provided leadership for one of the top photonics research and training centres in Canada and internationally, and laid the groundwork for the Advanced Research Complex.

Hall’s research has long been dedicated to finding innovative solutions to the provision of sustainable broadband access to all, in keeping with his overarching of goal of promoting equality of opportunity while safeguarding the environment.

“In collaboration with my research team of highly qualified personnel, and industry, our research program will strive to generate new knowledge, while strengthening an innovative platform for teaching and learning, and realizing our vision of sustainable broadband access to all,” said Hall.

Jianping Yao

 

Jianping Yao - Microwave Photonics

Professor Yao is a world leader in microwave photonics who has made original contributions to the field, including photonic assisted microwave signal and microwave arbitrary waveform generation, wideband microwave signal processing, photonic integrated circuits for ultra-fast signal processing, and fibre wireless communications. He has published over 500 papers, including over 300 in refereed journals. Yao is a fellow of IEEE, the Optical Society of America and the Canadian Academy of Engineering.

”With the support from the uOttawa (University Research Chair) program, I will develop integrated microwave photonic solutions for wideband microwave signal processing, which will have a dramatic impact on 5G wireless systems,“ said Yao.

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